Endodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the complex structures found inside the teeth. Inflammation, tooth discoloration, temperature sensitivity, and tenderness while chewing, biting or in the gums are all signs of endodontic problems. Inner tooth damage is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, injuries, tooth removals, fractures and chips. Endodontic treatment (or root canal therapy) is performed to save the natural tooth.
Root Canal Therapy
A root canal is performed to save a natural tooth affected by decay or infection. The tissue inside the tooth, nerves, bacteria and any decay are removed and the tooth is filled with medicated, dental materials to restore the tooth to its full function. After the surgery, the tooth is sealed with a permanent filling, and a crown will be placed on top to protect the tooth.
The alternative to a root canal is removal of the tooth, which can be more costly and cause problems for adjacent teeth.